AW025Two more stelae were found in the course of the yesterday’s work in the Temple. The first (see photograph on the left) is an inscription of the viceroy of Nubia, User-Satet, in the reign of Amenophis II. The upper portion, containing the figure and cartouches of the king and the figures of Khum, Satis and Anukis, is in very low relief and much encrusted with salt. The text of 7 lines, however, is in perfect condition and only two signs have suffered damage. This is the first text of the XVIIIth Dynasty to be found here. The second stela (see photograph below) is of Sethos I and consists of 17 lines of texts and a few battered fragments of the first line. The date may just possibly be “year 12” but this at present is most uncertain. All the upper part of this stela is missing. The first part of the text is well preserved. but the middle and bottom are badly damaged. The text is of an historical nature. Both stelae were found in front of the northern section of the dividing wall between the First Court and the Hypostyle, and seem to have been employed by squatters as a protective wall.AW073

By the northern jamb of the east door of the Hypostyle we found another small stone shrine, at a lower level than the first one, and also empty. It is not yet possible to clear the surround or pedestal of either of these shrines. It is now clear that allor almost all the columns have been reworked.

To-day, yet another stela was found in the Hypostyle Hall (see photograph below). It is dated to the eleventh year of Ramesses III, is dedicated by the viceroy of Nubia, Hori, and also mentions the idnw (?) of Nubia, Paser son of Pennut. the reliefs are much damaged and the stela has broken in two in falling, but the text portion, though quite formal, is in good condition. Steady progress continues to be made with the clearing, but we have not reached the floor anywhere. We nooticed traces of many very badly damaged hieratic graffiti, all of which have been cleaned as far as possible and sprayed with celluloid solution. Many of these graffiti appear to lie below the paint, as though they may have been instructions to the workmen, but they are all without exception terribly damaged and hopelessly incomplete. The clearing has progressed sufficiently to enable us to establish that on the walls the lowest register of all was composed of the names of subject states. It now appears probable that the re-working of the columns was the work of Ramesses III.


We have made four interesting observations in the First Court, the eastern section of which is not yet clear:

  1. Traces of gold foil were found on some of the figures on the west face of the dividing wall.
  2. We found the beginning of the line of large hieroglyphs which forms the lowest band of wall decoration: it gives the date “Year 6, 1st. month of Shomu, day 25” of Ramesses IX. This presumably records the completion of the decoration of the temple.
  3. The jambs of the doorway in the dividing wall are sufficiently exposed to enable us to see that they bore the inscription “great portal of Ramesses II (wsr-mt-R, stp n R), whose life is long, he has made the temple of hard stone”. The hardness of the stone is a matter of words, not actual fact. There are signs of extensive repair work by later occupants, and the base of the south wall has been underpinned and built up with mud and with rough blocks of stone.

H.W. Fairman

Object cards of the objects found